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Jamaica is an island county located in the Caribbean sea. The country is the third largest island situated in the Greater-Antilles and the Caribbean, spanning an area of 10,990 square kilometers (4,240 square miles). With a population of 2.9 million inhabitants, Jamaica is the fourth most populated country in the Caribbeans. Jamaica has had global influence with its culture, such as the country being the birthplace of reggae music along with associated genres like ska and dub. The government of Jamaica is a parliamentary democracy as well as a constitutional monarchy. Queen Elizabeth II serves as the Queen of Jamaica, and the current prime minister of Jamaica is Andrew Holness.
The landscape of Jamaica is mountainous, with such ranges as the Don Figuerero, Santa Cruz, May Day mountains, Dry Harbor mountains, John Crow mountains and the Blue mountains. The highest point in Jamaica is Blue Mountain Peak, located in the Blue mountains. This peak stands at an altitude of 2,256 meters, or 7,401 feet. The climate of Jamaica is tropical, as temperatures are typically hot and humid. Because of its location in the Atlantic Ocean, Jamaica is prone to hurricanes, and storm damage is often caused. Some of the most damaging hurricanes to hit the island are Hurricanes Charlie, Gilbert, Ivan, Dean and Gustav.bg_collapse view=”link” expand_text=”(Click To Show More ▼)” collapse_text=”(Click To Show Less ▲)”]Because of the tropical climate, the ecosystems of Jamaica are rich with plants and animals. There are many species of bat found on the island, including three different endemic species. There are 50 different species of reptiles found on the island, which include lizards like anoles, iguanas, snakes, and the largest reptile, which is the American Crocodile. Tree Frogs are also very common to find on the island, as well as the Jamaican slider, a freshwater turtle native to the country. Jamaica is home to 289 species of birds, and 27 of these are endemic to the island.
Jamaica has a mixed economy with major sectors being agriculture, mining, manufacturing, and tourism. The country’s agricultural exports include sugar, bananas, cocoa, coconut, molasses, oranges, limes, grapefruit, rum, yam, allspice, and Blue Mountain Coffee. Tourism in Jamaica has been the largest foreign exchange earner. In 2017, it was estimated that 4.3 million tourists visit Jamaica every year. Some other major exports of Jamaica is Aluminum Oxide, which makes up 52% of their export totals, refined petroleum, aluminum ore, hard liquor, processed fruits and vegetables, coffee, beer, sauces and seasonings, as well as baked goods.
Emigration has greatly affected the population growth within Jamaica, with the main destinations being the United Kingdom, the United States, and Canada. In 2004, it was estimated that 2.5 million Jamaicans and those of Jamaican descent lived abroad. The population density of Jamaica is average compared to other countries located in the West Indies. Around one-third of the country’s population lives in metropolitan areas, and more than half lives in urban areas. Did you know that there are only three designated cities in Jamaica? They are Kingston, the capital, Portmore, and Montego Bay.[/bg_collapse]
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