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France is a country located in northwestern Europe, and is known to be a transcontinental territory. In fact, its several coastal territories cause France to have the largest economic zone in the world. Spanning a total land area of 643,801 square kilometers (248,573 square miles), France is home to over 67 million people. The largest city is Paris, which serves as the country’s main cultural and commercial center. Other large cities within France are Marseille, Lyon, Toulouse, Lille, Bordeaux, and Nice. France is also Europe’s most important agricultural producer and one of the world’s leading industrial powers. France is a representative democracy, with both a president and prime minister. The current president is Emmanuel Macron, while the current prime minister is Élisabeth Borne.
The general landscape within France is extremely varied, which is thanks to the coastlines of the country. Mountain ranges can be found along the French Riviera, coastal cliffs such as the Côte d’Albâtre, and wide sandy plains can be found in the Languedoc. France is also home to a large river system which consists of four main rivers. These four are the Seine, the Loire, the Garonne, and the Rhône. Because of such large territory, the climate within France is also varied. For example, in France, one can expect to witness the alpine tundra climate or ice cap climate, while someone else may be experiencing hot-summer mediterranean climate or oceanic climate.
The plant life of France is very similar to the climate, so plants exist within two zones: the Holarctic province and the Mediterranean province. The most common trees found within the France landscape are chestnut, pine, and beech. Oak used to be extremely common, however a great majority of its population has been cleared out due to cultivation. Some common animals one may find in France are red deer, roe deer, and wild boar. Endangered species of France include badgers, otters, beavers, tortoises, marmots, and the brown bear. Seals were once common to find on french coasts, however they have now since almost entirely disappeared.
With its large population of 67 million people or so, France is the 20th most populated country in the world, and is also the third most populated country in Europe, following Russia and Germany. In the European Union, France is the second most populated after Germany. France is a developed country, however it is often seen as an outlier due to its continuous large growth rates. Between the years of 2006 and 2016, the country saw the second-highest overall increase in population. It was also one out of four EU countries where births accounted for a great majority of the growth. This was the highest rate of birth growth since the end of the baby boom of 1973.
All throughout history, France has stuck by its nickname of “the granary of the old continent”, as around half of its land area is used as farmland. France remains as the world’s sixth largest exporter of agricultural goods. Its primary exports are wheat, poultry, dairy, beef, and pork. as well as internationally recognized brands, mainly beverages.
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