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Old Maps of Estonia
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Estonia is a country located in northeastern Europe, and is bordered by the Gulf of Finland, the Baltic Sea, Latvia, Lake Peipus, and Russia. The entire territory of Estonia consists of the mainland, as well as the two large islands of Saaremaa and Hiiumma, as well as 2,200 other islands. The total area of Estonia is 45,339 square kilometers (or 17,505 square miles). The capital city of Estonia is Tallinn, and is also the largest city within the country. Tartu is the second largest city in the country, and both of these cities are the largest urban areas found within the country. The total population of Estonia is 1.3 million, making the country one of the least populated countries within the European Union.
The landscape of Estonia is majorly a product of glacier activity on the coast. The land is largely low, with the average elevation standing at around 164 feet (50 meters) above sea level. The highest point is found in the southeast, and is Suur Munamägi, standing at around 1,043 feet (318 meters). There are many lakes found within Estonia, with the largest being Lake Peipus, expanding around 3,555 kilometers square (that’s 1,373 square miles), making this the fifth largest lake in Europe. Along with lakes, rivers are fairly common to find in Estonia. The largest rivers are Võhandu (162 km / 101 mi), Pärnu (144 km / 89 mi), and Põltsamaa (135 km / 84 mi). Estonia is home to a temperate climate zone, with average temperatures of 17.8–18.4°C (64–65.1°F) in the summers and -1.4°C to -5.3°C (29.5°F and 22.5°F) in the winters.
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